使用kubeadm安装kubernetes集群

使用kubeadm安装kubernetes集群

环境准备:

至少2台 2核4G 的服务器Cent OS 7.6 / 7.7 / 7.8

master:172.17.11.112(内网)
work: 172.17.11.113(内网)

说明:所有节点上 Kubernetes 所使用的 IP 地址必须可以互通(无需 NAT 映射、无安全组或防火墙隔离)

开始安装

1、修改 hostname
# 修改 hostname
hostnamectl set-hostname your-new-host-name
# 查看修改结果
hostnamectl status
# 设置 hostname 解析
echo "127.0.0.1   $(hostname)" >> /etc/hosts

master:
image.png
work:
image.png

2、安装docker及kubelet (master和work都执行)

1)设置源
# 阿里云 docker hub 镜像
export REGISTRY_MIRROR=https://registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com
2)卸载旧版都docker
yum remove -y docker \
docker-client \
docker-client-latest \
docker-ce-cli \
docker-common \
docker-latest \
docker-latest-logrotate \
docker-logrotate \
docker-selinux \
docker-engine-selinux \
docker-engine
3)设置 yum repository
yum install -y yum-utils \
device-mapper-persistent-data \
lvm2
yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

4) 安装并启动 docker
yum install -y docker-ce-19.03.11 docker-ce-cli-19.03.11 containerd.io-1.2.13

mkdir /etc/docker || true

cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json <<EOF
{
  "registry-mirrors": ["${REGISTRY_MIRROR}"],
  "exec-opts": ["native.cgroupdriver=systemd"],
  "log-driver": "json-file",
  "log-opts": {
    "max-size": "100m"
  },
  "storage-driver": "overlay2",
  "storage-opts": [
    "overlay2.override_kernel_check=true"
  ]
}
EOF

mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d

# Restart Docker
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable docker
systemctl restart docker

image.png

5)安装 nfs-utils
# 必须先安装 nfs-utils 才能挂载 nfs 网络存储
yum install -y nfs-utils
yum install -y wget
6)关闭 防火墙、SeLinux、swap
# 关闭 防火墙
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

# 关闭 SeLinux
setenforce 0
sed -i "s/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config

# 关闭 swap
swapoff -a
yes | cp /etc/fstab /etc/fstab_bak
cat /etc/fstab_bak |grep -v swap > /etc/fstab
7)修改 /etc/sysctl.conf
# 如果有配置,则修改
sed -i "s#^net.ipv4.ip_forward.*#net.ipv4.ip_forward=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables.*#net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables.*#net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6.*#net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6.*#net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6.*#net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
sed -i "s#^net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding.*#net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1#g"  /etc/sysctl.conf
# 可能没有,追加
echo "net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6 = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6 = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding = 1"  >> /etc/sysctl.conf
# 执行命令以应用
sysctl -p
8) 配置K8S的yum源
cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
repo_gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg
       http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF

9)安装kubelet、kubeadm、kubectl
# 卸载旧版本
yum remove -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl

# 安装kubelet、kubeadm、kubectl
yum install -y kubelet-1.19.2 kubeadm-1.19.2 kubectl-1.19.2

10)重启 docker,并启动 kubelet
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker
systemctl enable kubelet && systemctl start kubelet

3、初始化 master 节点 (只在master)

关于初始化时用到的环境变量
  • APISERVER_NAME 不能是 master 的 hostname
  • APISERVER_NAME 必须全为小写字母、数字、小数点,不能包含减号
  • POD_SUBNET 所使用的网段不能与 master节点/worker节点 所在的网段重叠。该字段的取值为一个 CIDR 值,如果您对 CIDR 这个概念还不熟悉,请仍然执行 export POD_SUBNET=10.100.0.1/16 命令,不做修改
1)环境变量
# 只在 master 节点执行
# export 命令只在当前 shell 会话中有效,开启新的 shell 窗口后,如果要继续安装过程,请重新执行此处的 export 命令
export MASTER_IP=172.17.11.112  #master 节点的内网IP
# 替换 apiserver.demo 为 您想要的 dnsName
export APISERVER_NAME=apiserver.demo
# Kubernetes 容器组所在的网段,该网段安装完成后,由 kubernetes 创建,事先并不存在于您的物理网络中
export POD_SUBNET=10.100.0.1/16
echo "${MASTER_IP}    ${APISERVER_NAME}" >> /etc/hosts
2)生成初始化文件
cat <<EOF > ./kubeadm-config.yaml
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta2
kind: ClusterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: v1.19.2
imageRepository: registry.aliyuncs.com/k8sxio
controlPlaneEndpoint: "${APISERVER_NAME}:6443"
networking:
  serviceSubnet: "10.96.0.0/16"
  podSubnet: "${POD_SUBNET}"
  dnsDomain: "cluster.local"
EOF
3)kubeadm init
kubeadm init --config=kubeadm-config.yaml --upload-certs

image.png

4)配置 kubectl
rm -rf /root/.kube/
mkdir /root/.kube/
cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf /root/.kube/config
5)安装 calico 网络插件
rm -f calico-3.13.1.yaml
wget https://kuboard.cn/install-script/calico/calico-3.13.1.yaml
kubectl apply -f calico-3.13.1.yaml

calico-3.13.1.yaml:

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-config.yaml
# This ConfigMap is used to configure a self-hosted Calico installation.
kind: ConfigMap
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: calico-config
  namespace: kube-system
data:
  # Typha is disabled.
  typha_service_name: "none"
  # Configure the backend to use.
  calico_backend: "bird"

  # Configure the MTU to use
  veth_mtu: "1440"

  # The CNI network configuration to install on each node.  The special
  # values in this config will be automatically populated.
  cni_network_config: |-
    {
      "name": "k8s-pod-network",
      "cniVersion": "0.3.1",
      "plugins": [
        {
          "type": "calico",
          "log_level": "info",
          "datastore_type": "kubernetes",
          "nodename": "__KUBERNETES_NODE_NAME__",
          "mtu": __CNI_MTU__,
          "ipam": {
              "type": "calico-ipam"
          },
          "policy": {
              "type": "k8s"
          },
          "kubernetes": {
              "kubeconfig": "__KUBECONFIG_FILEPATH__"
          }
        },
        {
          "type": "portmap",
          "snat": true,
          "capabilities": {"portMappings": true}
        },
        {
          "type": "bandwidth",
          "capabilities": {"bandwidth": true}
        }
      ]
    }

---
# Source: calico/templates/kdd-crds.yaml

apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: bgpconfigurations.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: BGPConfiguration
    plural: bgpconfigurations
    singular: bgpconfiguration

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: bgppeers.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: BGPPeer
    plural: bgppeers
    singular: bgppeer

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: blockaffinities.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: BlockAffinity
    plural: blockaffinities
    singular: blockaffinity

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: clusterinformations.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: ClusterInformation
    plural: clusterinformations
    singular: clusterinformation

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: felixconfigurations.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: FelixConfiguration
    plural: felixconfigurations
    singular: felixconfiguration

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: globalnetworkpolicies.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: GlobalNetworkPolicy
    plural: globalnetworkpolicies
    singular: globalnetworkpolicy

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: globalnetworksets.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: GlobalNetworkSet
    plural: globalnetworksets
    singular: globalnetworkset

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: hostendpoints.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: HostEndpoint
    plural: hostendpoints
    singular: hostendpoint

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: ipamblocks.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: IPAMBlock
    plural: ipamblocks
    singular: ipamblock

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: ipamconfigs.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: IPAMConfig
    plural: ipamconfigs
    singular: ipamconfig

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: ipamhandles.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: IPAMHandle
    plural: ipamhandles
    singular: ipamhandle

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: ippools.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Cluster
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: IPPool
    plural: ippools
    singular: ippool

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: networkpolicies.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Namespaced
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: NetworkPolicy
    plural: networkpolicies
    singular: networkpolicy

---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: networksets.crd.projectcalico.org
spec:
  scope: Namespaced
  group: crd.projectcalico.org
  version: v1
  names:
    kind: NetworkSet
    plural: networksets
    singular: networkset

---
---
# Source: calico/templates/rbac.yaml

# Include a clusterrole for the kube-controllers component,
# and bind it to the calico-kube-controllers serviceaccount.
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
rules:
  # Nodes are watched to monitor for deletions.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - nodes
    verbs:
      - watch
      - list
      - get
  # Pods are queried to check for existence.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
    verbs:
      - get
  # IPAM resources are manipulated when nodes are deleted.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - ippools
    verbs:
      - list
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - blockaffinities
      - ipamblocks
      - ipamhandles
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - create
      - update
      - delete
  # Needs access to update clusterinformations.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - clusterinformations
    verbs:
      - get
      - create
      - update
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: calico-kube-controllers
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
---
# Include a clusterrole for the calico-node DaemonSet,
# and bind it to the calico-node serviceaccount.
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-node
rules:
  # The CNI plugin needs to get pods, nodes, and namespaces.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
      - nodes
      - namespaces
    verbs:
      - get
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - endpoints
      - services
    verbs:
      # Used to discover service IPs for advertisement.
      - watch
      - list
      # Used to discover Typhas.
      - get
  # Pod CIDR auto-detection on kubeadm needs access to config maps.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - configmaps
    verbs:
      - get
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - nodes/status
    verbs:
      # Needed for clearing NodeNetworkUnavailable flag.
      - patch
      # Calico stores some configuration information in node annotations.
      - update
  # Watch for changes to Kubernetes NetworkPolicies.
  - apiGroups: ["networking.k8s.io"]
    resources:
      - networkpolicies
    verbs:
      - watch
      - list
  # Used by Calico for policy information.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods
      - namespaces
      - serviceaccounts
    verbs:
      - list
      - watch
  # The CNI plugin patches pods/status.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - pods/status
    verbs:
      - patch
  # Calico monitors various CRDs for config.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - globalfelixconfigs
      - felixconfigurations
      - bgppeers
      - globalbgpconfigs
      - bgpconfigurations
      - ippools
      - ipamblocks
      - globalnetworkpolicies
      - globalnetworksets
      - networkpolicies
      - networksets
      - clusterinformations
      - hostendpoints
      - blockaffinities
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
  # Calico must create and update some CRDs on startup.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - ippools
      - felixconfigurations
      - clusterinformations
    verbs:
      - create
      - update
  # Calico stores some configuration information on the node.
  - apiGroups: [""]
    resources:
      - nodes
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - watch
  # These permissions are only requried for upgrade from v2.6, and can
  # be removed after upgrade or on fresh installations.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - bgpconfigurations
      - bgppeers
    verbs:
      - create
      - update
  # These permissions are required for Calico CNI to perform IPAM allocations.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - blockaffinities
      - ipamblocks
      - ipamhandles
    verbs:
      - get
      - list
      - create
      - update
      - delete
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - ipamconfigs
    verbs:
      - get
  # Block affinities must also be watchable by confd for route aggregation.
  - apiGroups: ["crd.projectcalico.org"]
    resources:
      - blockaffinities
    verbs:
      - watch
  # The Calico IPAM migration needs to get daemonsets. These permissions can be
  # removed if not upgrading from an installation using host-local IPAM.
  - apiGroups: ["apps"]
    resources:
      - daemonsets
    verbs:
      - get

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: calico-node
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: calico-node
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-node.yaml
# This manifest installs the calico-node container, as well
# as the CNI plugins and network config on
# each master and worker node in a Kubernetes cluster.
kind: DaemonSet
apiVersion: apps/v1
metadata:
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-node
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-node
  updateStrategy:
    type: RollingUpdate
    rollingUpdate:
      maxUnavailable: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: calico-node
      annotations:
        # This, along with the CriticalAddonsOnly toleration below,
        # marks the pod as a critical add-on, ensuring it gets
        # priority scheduling and that its resources are reserved
        # if it ever gets evicted.
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/critical-pod: ''
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      hostNetwork: true
      tolerations:
        # Make sure calico-node gets scheduled on all nodes.
        - effect: NoSchedule
          operator: Exists
        # Mark the pod as a critical add-on for rescheduling.
        - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
          operator: Exists
        - effect: NoExecute
          operator: Exists
      serviceAccountName: calico-node
      # Minimize downtime during a rolling upgrade or deletion; tell Kubernetes to do a "force
      # deletion": https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/pod/#termination-of-pods.
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 0
      priorityClassName: system-node-critical
      initContainers:
        # This container performs upgrade from host-local IPAM to calico-ipam.
        # It can be deleted if this is a fresh installation, or if you have already
        # upgraded to use calico-ipam.
        - name: upgrade-ipam
          image: calico/cni:v3.13.1
          command: ["/opt/cni/bin/calico-ipam", "-upgrade"]
          env:
            - name: KUBERNETES_NODE_NAME
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            - name: CALICO_NETWORKING_BACKEND
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: calico_backend
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /var/lib/cni/networks
              name: host-local-net-dir
            - mountPath: /host/opt/cni/bin
              name: cni-bin-dir
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
        # This container installs the CNI binaries
        # and CNI network config file on each node.
        - name: install-cni
          image: calico/cni:v3.13.1
          command: ["/install-cni.sh"]
          env:
            # Name of the CNI config file to create.
            - name: CNI_CONF_NAME
              value: "10-calico.conflist"
            # The CNI network config to install on each node.
            - name: CNI_NETWORK_CONFIG
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: cni_network_config
            # Set the hostname based on the k8s node name.
            - name: KUBERNETES_NODE_NAME
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            # CNI MTU Config variable
            - name: CNI_MTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # Prevents the container from sleeping forever.
            - name: SLEEP
              value: "false"
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /host/opt/cni/bin
              name: cni-bin-dir
            - mountPath: /host/etc/cni/net.d
              name: cni-net-dir
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
        # Adds a Flex Volume Driver that creates a per-pod Unix Domain Socket to allow Dikastes
        # to communicate with Felix over the Policy Sync API.
        - name: flexvol-driver
          image: calico/pod2daemon-flexvol:v3.13.1
          volumeMounts:
          - name: flexvol-driver-host
            mountPath: /host/driver
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
      containers:
        # Runs calico-node container on each Kubernetes node.  This
        # container programs network policy and routes on each
        # host.
        - name: calico-node
          image: calico/node:v3.13.1
          env:
            # Use Kubernetes API as the backing datastore.
            - name: DATASTORE_TYPE
              value: "kubernetes"
            # Wait for the datastore.
            - name: WAIT_FOR_DATASTORE
              value: "true"
            # Set based on the k8s node name.
            - name: NODENAME
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: spec.nodeName
            # Choose the backend to use.
            - name: CALICO_NETWORKING_BACKEND
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: calico_backend
            # Cluster type to identify the deployment type
            - name: CLUSTER_TYPE
              value: "k8s,bgp"
            # Auto-detect the BGP IP address.
            - name: IP
              value: "autodetect"
            # Enable IPIP
            - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_IPIP
              value: "Always"
            # Set MTU for tunnel device used if ipip is enabled
            - name: FELIX_IPINIPMTU
              valueFrom:
                configMapKeyRef:
                  name: calico-config
                  key: veth_mtu
            # The default IPv4 pool to create on startup if none exists. Pod IPs will be
            # chosen from this range. Changing this value after installation will have
            # no effect. This should fall within `--cluster-cidr`.
            # - name: CALICO_IPV4POOL_CIDR
            #   value: "192.168.0.0/16"
            # Disable file logging so `kubectl logs` works.
            - name: CALICO_DISABLE_FILE_LOGGING
              value: "true"
            # Set Felix endpoint to host default action to ACCEPT.
            - name: FELIX_DEFAULTENDPOINTTOHOSTACTION
              value: "ACCEPT"
            # Disable IPv6 on Kubernetes.
            - name: FELIX_IPV6SUPPORT
              value: "false"
            # Set Felix logging to "info"
            - name: FELIX_LOGSEVERITYSCREEN
              value: "info"
            - name: FELIX_HEALTHENABLED
              value: "true"
          securityContext:
            privileged: true
          resources:
            requests:
              cpu: 250m
          livenessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/calico-node
              - -felix-live
              - -bird-live
            periodSeconds: 10
            initialDelaySeconds: 10
            failureThreshold: 6
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/calico-node
              - -felix-ready
              - -bird-ready
            periodSeconds: 10
          volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /lib/modules
              name: lib-modules
              readOnly: true
            - mountPath: /run/xtables.lock
              name: xtables-lock
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /var/run/calico
              name: var-run-calico
              readOnly: false
            - mountPath: /var/lib/calico
              name: var-lib-calico
              readOnly: false
            - name: policysync
              mountPath: /var/run/nodeagent
      volumes:
        # Used by calico-node.
        - name: lib-modules
          hostPath:
            path: /lib/modules
        - name: var-run-calico
          hostPath:
            path: /var/run/calico
        - name: var-lib-calico
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/calico
        - name: xtables-lock
          hostPath:
            path: /run/xtables.lock
            type: FileOrCreate
        # Used to install CNI.
        - name: cni-bin-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /opt/cni/bin
        - name: cni-net-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /etc/cni/net.d
        # Mount in the directory for host-local IPAM allocations. This is
        # used when upgrading from host-local to calico-ipam, and can be removed
        # if not using the upgrade-ipam init container.
        - name: host-local-net-dir
          hostPath:
            path: /var/lib/cni/networks
        # Used to create per-pod Unix Domain Sockets
        - name: policysync
          hostPath:
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
            path: /var/run/nodeagent
        # Used to install Flex Volume Driver
        - name: flexvol-driver-host
          hostPath:
            type: DirectoryOrCreate
            path: /usr/libexec/kubernetes/kubelet-plugins/volume/exec/nodeagent~uds
---

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: calico-node
  namespace: kube-system

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-kube-controllers.yaml

# See https://github.com/projectcalico/kube-controllers
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
spec:
  # The controllers can only have a single active instance.
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
  strategy:
    type: Recreate
  template:
    metadata:
      name: calico-kube-controllers
      namespace: kube-system
      labels:
        k8s-app: calico-kube-controllers
      annotations:
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/critical-pod: ''
    spec:
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      tolerations:
        # Mark the pod as a critical add-on for rescheduling.
        - key: CriticalAddonsOnly
          operator: Exists
        - key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
          effect: NoSchedule
      serviceAccountName: calico-kube-controllers
      priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
      containers:
        - name: calico-kube-controllers
          image: calico/kube-controllers:v3.13.1
          env:
            # Choose which controllers to run.
            - name: ENABLED_CONTROLLERS
              value: node
            - name: DATASTORE_TYPE
              value: kubernetes
          readinessProbe:
            exec:
              command:
              - /usr/bin/check-status
              - -r

---

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: calico-kube-controllers
  namespace: kube-system
---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-etcd-secrets.yaml

---
# Source: calico/templates/calico-typha.yaml

---
# Source: calico/templates/configure-canal.yaml
6)检查 master 初始化结果
# 只在 master 节点执行

# 执行如下命令,等待 3-10 分钟,直到所有的容器组处于 Running 状态
watch kubectl get pod -n kube-system -o wide

# 查看 master 节点初始化结果
kubectl get nodes -o wide

image.png

image.png

至此,k8s的master节点就部署好了。

4、初始化 worker节点
1)在 master 节点上执行
# 只在 master 节点执行
kubeadm token create --print-join-command

可获取kubeadm join 命令及参数,如下所示
image.png

2)初始化worker

vim /etc/hosts

172.17.11.112    apiserver.demo
# 只在 worker 节点执行
export MASTER_IP=172.17.11.112 #master 节点的内网 IP
# 替换 apiserver.demo 为初始化 master 节点时所使用的 APISERVER_NAME
export APISERVER_NAME=apiserver.demo
echo "${MASTER_IP}    ${APISERVER_NAME}" >> /etc/hosts

# 替换为 master 节点上 kubeadm token create 命令的输出

image.png

3)检查初始化结果
# 只在 master 节点执行
kubectl get nodes -o wide

image.png

您已经完成了 Kubernetes 集群的安装.

5、安装 Kubernetes 管理工具
kubectl apply -f https://kuboard.cn/install-script/kuboard.yaml
kubectl apply -f https://addons.kuboard.cn/metrics-server/0.3.7/metrics-server.yaml

查看 Kuboard 运行状态:

kubectl get pods -l k8s.kuboard.cn/name=kuboard -n kube-system

image.png

获取Token
# 如果您参考 www.kuboard.cn 提供的文档安装 Kuberenetes,可在第一个 Master 节点上执行此命令
echo $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep kuboard-user | awk '{print $1}') -o go-template='{{.data.token}}' | base64 -d)
 
访问Kuboard

使用了 NodePort 的方式暴露服务,NodePort 为 32567;您可以按如下方式访问 Kuboard。

http://任意一个Worker节点的IP地址:32567/

输入前一步骤中获得的 token,可进入 Kuboard 集群概览页
image.png

image.png

参考来源:https://kuboard.cn/install/install-k8s.html

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Links: https://www.fengpt.cn/archives/kubernetes安装